How to be an Assistant Commandant in CAPF

Assistant Commandant in CAPF by UPSC EXAM preocedure

An Assistant Commandant in CAPF is a lucrative career as well as perfect service to the nation for young and ignited minds who want to enjoy an adventurous life. If you are Graduate and want to make a career in the Armed Forces, then apart from Defense Forces (Army, Air Force, Navy) you have another option available at your disposal by which you can serve the nation with Integrity and Passion.

What is an Asst Commandant and its Role:

The option I am talking about is the UPSC CAPF exam by which candidates are appointed as Assistant Commandants in CAPFs. CAPF (Central Armed Police Force) exam is conducted by UPSC once in a year.

Assistant Commandant is a group ‘A’, Gazetted Officer Rank in CAPF and it is the very first rank in Officer Cadre in CAPF which is generally taken as an equivalent to Dy SP in state police forces. It is a group ‘A’ and Organized Service in which you will get a reputed Officer class job with the pride of serving the nation being a part of Armed Forces.

Assistant Commandant rank Officer is also termed as a ‘Company Commander’ in the CAPF and he is entrusted with a responsibility of commanding a basic unit of CAPF called Company single handily. Company is the basic organizational setup of CAPF for smooth functioning which consists of a total of 135 personnel including Company Commander.

CAPF include FIVE forces namely CRPF, BSF, ITBP, SSB & CISF

CAPF is a combination of a total of seven forces including :

CRPF (Central Reserve Police Force)

BSF (Border Security Force)

CISF (Central Industrial Security Force)

ITBP (Indo Tibet Border Police)

SSB (Sashtra Seema Bal)

I will give brief details about each force respectively and then will discuss the Entry procedure into the Rank of Assistant Commandant in CAPF.

Central Reserve Police Force

CRPF is the world’s largest armed police force and was raised in 1939 as Royal Crown Representative Police. Force is tasked to tackle all the Internal Security problems in the nation. It is mandated to assist State Police forces in event of distress when asked for by the concerned department or when Centre thinks the prevailing condition is out of control from State Authorities.

CRPF has its two specialized wings namely RAF (Rapid Action Force) & COBRA (Commando Battalion for Resolute Action. RAF is specialized in Riot Control, while COBRA is raised to encounter the Naxalites in LWE areas by carrying out Intelligence-based Operations. Training of DAGO (Directly Appointed Gazetted Officers) of CRPF is conducted at CRPF Academy, Gurugram.

Border Security Force

BSF is the world’s largest border guarding force and was raised in 1965. It is mandated to guard the Nation’s Border with Pakistan and Bangladesh. It is usually deployed at the forefront at Border in peacetime and will be tasked to assist the Indian Army in Wartime. BSF is also deployed along with other CAPF’s in Election and Riot control duties if the situation is out of control by state Police. BSF has its own water wing and Civil Engineering wing which assist the nation when the situation demands so in its efficiency. Training of DO (Directly Officers) of BSF is conducted at BSF Academy, Gwalior.

Central Industrial Security Force

CISF was raised in 1969 and it is specialized in protecting vital assets of the country like Airports, Metro stations, Nuclear Stations, PSUs and at present also providing security cover to India’s reputed organization like Infosys. CISF is equipped with advanced technology to cover their domain and proved itself extremely efficient in the job assigned to them. Training of DAGO (Directly Officers) of CISF is conducted at National Industrial Security Academy (NISA), Hyderabad.

Indo Tibet Border Police

ITBP is a force specialized in operating over Snow covered Himalayan Heights and was raised in 1962 with the aim to protect Indian Border with China and Tibet. It is a specialized Mountain force well capable to tackle any threat in its area. It is guarding the Indo China border since its inception and proactively involved in Disaster management as well. Training of DO (Directly Officers) of ITBP is conducted at ITBP Academy, Mussorie.

Sashtra Seema Bal

SSB is the youngest Border guarding force of India and was raised in 1963 after China’s aggression in 1962. It is mandated to provide Border protection at India Nepal Border. Training of DO (Directly Officers) of SSB is conducted at SSB Academy, Bhopal.

Along with these five forces, a specialized force called NDRF is raised which is mandated to reach out to the public in natural disaster and calamity, and personnel from all these five CAPF are deputed to NDRF.

The appointment to the rank of Assistant Commandant in CAPF is conducted by UPSC on the basis of an exam conducted by prestigious UPSC once in a year. The Officers appointed to the forces through UPSC are called Directly Appointed Gazetted Officers (DAGO) and we will discuss each and every detail regarding the UPSC CAPF exam in this blog.

Age criteria for Assistant Commandant:

The maximum age for a candidate to apply for the exam is calculated until the exam date announced by UPSC. The candidate must be within prescribed age limit as on exam date:

General-  maximum of 25 years

BC/OBC – maximum of 28 years

SC/ST – maximum of 30 years

for Central Govt Employee – Relaxation for maximum of 5 years

Ex-Serviceman – Maximum age relaxation for 05 years provided candidate falls in Ex-Serviceman rules. 

Educational Qualification:

candidate must have completed his Bachelor degree from any rcognised university.

Notification of CAPF by UPSC:

Usually, UPSC publishes its exam calendar online on its official website and from there you can check the dates of notification to be announced by UPSC. Generally in the month of March/ April Notification advertisement is published by UPSC and one month is given to apply for the same. The process of filling the form is purely online and rest all details must be corroborated with the notification available on the official website.

Examination pattern of UPSC CAPF Assistant Commandant:

UPSC conducts Examination for CAPF in Offline mode and at selected centers across India. Admit card for the exam can be downloaded from the official UPSC website 3 weeks prior to the written exam. The examination process for UPSC CAPF-AC is a three-tier exam and stages are like:

Assistant Commandant exam in detail

Stage I Written Exam (Paper I + Paper II), followed by the

Stage II Physical and Medical Board. Candidates who all declared pass in written parts are called for their Physical and Medical tests in front of the Board of Officers (BOO).

BOO usually consists of three to four Executive Officers and a Medical Officer from all the CAPF’s and headed by an officer of the rank of Commandant. After this stage of (PET+Medical), successful candidates will be called for interview at UPSC and the final result will be based on the aggregate marks obtained in all stages of examination. PET and Medical Board does not have any marks associated with it.

Stage III Personal Interview at UPSC house, New Delhi for the candidates declared pass or fit after stage II in Physical test.

Examination Fees is 200/- for all candidates except SC/ST who are exempted from fees. Fees can be paid online via available mode through the website itself or you can opt for offline fees payment by the Challan method.


Syllabus for UPSC CAPF Assistant Commandant

Paper I (General Ability + Intelligence) is of 250 marks and syllabus for the paper is as follows:

General Ability Part: Analogies, Arrangements, Problem Solving, Syllogisms, Spatial Orientation, Space Visualization, Analysis, Ranking, Arithmetical Reasoning, Decision Making, Visual Memory, Arithmetic Number Series, Figural Classification, Coding and Decoding, Relationship Concepts, Statement Conclusion, etc.

Intelligence Part:  General Mental Ability, General Science, Current Events of National and International Importance, Indian Polity and Economy, History of India, Indian and World Geography.

Paper-II (English Language and Comprehension and Essay) is of 200 marks. Syllabus for the same is as follows:

Essay Part: Essay Writing, Comprehension, Precis Writing, Counter Argument, Communications, Report Writing, Language Skills, Grammar, Vocabulary, etc.

General Studies Part: History India, Current Events – National and International, Indian National Movement, Geography – India, About India, Eminent Personalities, Cultural Heritage, Environment, Economy, General Polity, General Science, Indian Constitution, Science, and Technology, etc.

Interview at UPSC house is of 150 marks, so  total marks for you to compete for are 250+200+150=600.

Important Note :

Paper I carries 80 marks, will be of bilingual nature and carries a negative marking of 0.33 for each wrong answer. Paper, I will be checked first and there are minimum qualifying marks you have to obtain, as it is a prerequisite for evaluation of your Paper II. That means you have to attain minimum marks in Paper I for making yourself eligible for checking of Paper-II.

Paper-II is of descriptive nature carrying 120 marks and consisting of two parts out of which one is essay writing and other is comprehension and precis writing. Paper-II will be checked for those candidates who got minimum qualifying marks in Paper I. You can attempt essay writing in either Hindi or English but other questions of this paper, you have to answer only in English.

Simple Tips and Tricks are discussed in another blog which is worth visiting by simply clicking how to clear the UPSC CAPF exam.

Physical Efficiency Test and Medical Examination for Assistant Commandant

After clearing the written exam part of the CAPF exam, successful candidates need to submit a DAF (Detailed Application Form) online to UPSC at and also had to keep a printout of the same. This printout of DAF is required to be handed over to the board of Officers present there to conduct Physical Tests. The physical test will be conducted by a board of officers nominated among all five CAPFs usually headed by Senior Officer of the rank of Commandant.

Physical and Medical exam duration if of 2-3 days at selected locations. Physical Efficiency Test is of Qualifying nature that means candidates have to just pass the required events and it carries no marks in it. Usually, there is no accommodation facility is provided for the candidates to stay inside campuses during PET + Medical test, so you should make an arrangement by yourself and must be well prepared for it. there is no need to panic for staying options as the centers where these tests are conducted usually situated nearby large cities so you don’t have to worry.

The Physical Efficiency Test part has 04 events that every candidate has to clear and no relaxation is given to any candidate on any basis, so better go with full preparedness. Events to be conducted during the PET are:

100 Meters race Time to complete the race is 16 seconds for Male candidates and 18 seconds for Female candidates.

800 Meters race Time to complete the race is 3 minutes 45 seconds for Male candidates and 4 minutes 45 seconds for Female candidates.

Long Jump Candidate has to jump and a maximum of 03 chances are given to each candidate. The length to be crossed is 3.5 Meters for Male candidates and 3.0 meters for Female candidates.

Shot Put which has a weight of 7.26 Kgs and needs to be thrown up to 4.5 Meters and it is only for Male candidate.

Medical Tests will be a candidate only of those candidates who are declared Fit in the physical test.

Centers for PET & Medical Test of CAPF:

Physical and Medical test for CAPF is conducted only in selected centers of the forces across the country and the list of them are as follows: 

SSB camp Gorakhpur- UP

CRPF Camp Jharoda Kalan, New Delhi

ITBP Camp Tigri,  New Delhi

BSF camp Chhawla, New Delhi

SSB Camp Ghitorni,  New Delhi

BSF camp Siliguri, WB

CRPF camp Talegaon, Pune, Maharashtra

CISF NISA, Hyderabad

ITBP Camp Chandigarh, Haryana

The location of centers where your PET and Medical Test to be conducted depends upon where the candidate has given his written test. Suppose you gave written in Mumbai then your PET will be in CRPF camp Talegaon near Pune only.

Re medical Candidates who are declared ‘Temporary Unfit’ can claim a chance to be medically tested again by the board of Medical Officers after some time of Medical test but before the Interview start date. Re Medical will be conducted only in Delhi for each candidate.

Note: Pregnancy during Physical Test is Disqualification for female candidates so it must be avoided.

Candidates who are qualified in the Written and Physical + Medical part will be called for an interview at UPSC house in New Delhi. The final merit list will be prepared on the basis of marks obtained by the candidate in all domains (Written + Physical + Interview), and the list is usually announced after 15 to 20 days of last candidate’s interview at UPSC House.

Force allocation in respect of each candidate among all five forces will be done on the basis of the Force preferences given by the candidate in DAF (Detailed Application Form) filled after the result of the written exam online through UPSC site and position of the candidate in final merit list keeping vacancies in each force in mind.

Training Academies for CAPF Officers:

Basic Training of Assistant Commandant at Academies is of 52 weeks excluding 02 weeks of Mid Term break. Academies for the training of Officers in respective forces are located in various parts of the Nation which are listed as:






Rank Hierarchy for CAPF Officers

with respect to Defense services and Police is as follows: 

Rank Structure (Gazetted Officers):

CAPF RANKIndian Army RankIndian Air Force RankIndian Navy RankPolice Rank
Director GeneralGeneralAir Chief MarshalAdmiralDirector General
Special Director GeneralLieutenant GeneralAir MarshalVice AdmiralSDG
ADGLieutenant GeneralAir MarshalVice AdmiralADG
Inspector GeneralMajor GeneralAir  Vice MarshalRear AdmiralInspector General
Deputy Inspector GeneralBrigadierAir CommodoreCommodoreDeputy Inspector General
CommandantColonelGroup CaptainCaptainSSP
Second in CommandLt ColonelWing CommanderCommanderSP
Deputy CommandantMajorSq LeaderLt CommanderASP
Assistant CommandantCaptainFlight LieutenantLieutenantDSP
 LieutenantFlying OfficerSub Lieutenant 

Tips and Tricks are discussed in another blog which is worth visiting by simply clicking how to clear the UPSC CAPF exam.

Wishing all Participants a Good Luck…. Jai Hind.